Diffuse Scattering - the use of off-specular X-Rays and neutrons from surfaces and interfaces - has grown rapidly as a tool for characterizing the surface properties of materials and related fundamental structural properties. It has proven to be especially useful in the understanding of local properties within materials. This new book reflects the efforts of physicists and materials scientists around the world who have helped to refine the techniques and applications of diffuse scattering. Major topics specifically covered include: Scattering in Low Dimensions; Elastic and Thermal Diffuse Scattering from Alloys; Scattering from Complex and Disordered Materials; and, Scattering from Distorted Crystals. The reader will find new research on how diffuse scattering has led to a better understanding of the size of atoms and their mechanical properties as they affect crystalline and quasi-crystalline behavior. Also, important new findings are presented on the use of diffuse scattering for better understanding the damaging effects of ionizing radiation to metals and alloys as well as nonmetallic materials. The book concludes with remarks on future directions for diffuse scattering and for diffraction measurements and methods in general.
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